Sleep Disorders What you should know about sleep disorder symptoms, causes, and treatment. Sleep problems, including snoring, sleep apnea, insomnia, sleep deprivation, and restless legs syndrome, are common. Whether you have occasional trouble sleeping or you're living with a sleep disorder, you can get quality sleep and learn to better manage your condition. We all feel tired sometimes, but roughly 20 percent of the population can be classified as having Excessive Sleepiness (sometimes referred to as Excessive.
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms on a regular basis, you may be dealing with a sleep disorder. Insomnia, the inability to get to sleep or sleep well at night, can be caused by stress, jet lag, a health condition, the medications you take, or even the amount of coffee you drink. Insomnia can also be caused by other sleep disorders or mood disorders such as anxiety and depression.
Whatever the cause of your insomnia, improving your sleep hygiene, revising your daytime habits, and learning to relax will help cure most cases of insomnia without relying on sleep specialists or turning to prescription or over-the-counter sleeping pills.
Sleep apnea is a common and treatable sleep disorder in which your breathing temporarily stops during sleep, awakening you frequently. Restless legs syndrome RLS is a sleep disorder that causes an almost irresistible urge to move your legs or arms at night. Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that involves excessive, uncontrollable daytime sleepiness.
It is caused by a dysfunction of the brain mechanism that controls sleeping and waking. We all have an internal biological clock that regulates our hour sleep-wake cycle, also known as our circadian rhythms. Light is the primary cue that influences circadian rhythms. At night, when there is less light, your brain triggers the release of melatonin, a hormone that makes you sleepy. When your circadian rhythms are disrupted or thrown off, you may feel groggy, disoriented, and sleepy at inconvenient times.
Shift work sleep disorder occurs when your work schedule and your biological clock are out of sync. In our hour society, many people have to work night shifts, early morning shifts, or rotating shifts. These schedules force you to work when your body is telling you to go to sleep, and sleep when your body is signaling you to wake. While some people adjust better than others to the demands of shift work, most shift workers get less quality sleep than their daytime counterparts.
As a result of sleep deprivation, you may struggle with sleepiness and mental lethargy on the job. This cuts into your productivity and puts you at risk of injury. Delayed sleep phase disorder is a condition where your biological clock is significantly delayed. As a result, you go to sleep and wake up much later than other people. Anxiety causes sleeping problems, and new research suggests sleep deprivation can cause an anxiety disorder.
Research also shows that some form of sleep disruption is present in nearly all psychiatric disorders. Studies also show that people with chronic insomnia are at high risk of developing an anxiety disorder. The risks of inadequate sleep extend way beyond tiredness. Sleeplessness can lead to poor performance at work or school, increased risk of injury, and health problems. In addition to anxiety and mood disorders, those with sleep disorders are risk for heart disease, heart failure, irregular heartbeat, heart attack, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, and obesity.
If you suspect you have a sleep disorder, visit a primary care physician, mental health professional, or sleep disorders clinic. Treatment options include sleep medicine and cognitive-behavior therapy , which teaches how to identify and modify behaviors that perpetuate sleeping problems. Treatment options for an anxiety disorder also include cognitive-behavior therapy, as well as relaxation techniques, and medication. Your doctor or therapist may recommend one or a combination of these treatments.
Learn more about treatment options. Find a Therapist who treats anxiety disorders. Find a sleep disorders clinic. ADAA is not a direct service organization. ADAA does not provide psychiatric, psychological, or medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. For the Public For Professionals. Breadcrumb Understand the Facts. Anxiety Disorder or Sleep Disorder: Health Risks The risks of inadequate sleep extend way beyond tiredness.
Treatment If you suspect you have a sleep disorder, visit a primary care physician, mental health professional, or sleep disorders clinic. The harsh reality is that few adults sleep tight.
The CDC has even declared insufficient sleep a national health epidemic. These people suffer from a sleep disorder, which can range from something as common as insomnia to the more rare, like REM sleep behavior disorder.
Below is a look at the eight most common disorders that plague adults. High levels of stress; certain medications; anxiety or depression. Drugs or alcohol abuse. Difficulty falling asleep and then maintaining that sleep. While everyone has a bad night of sleep every so often, insomnia is a chronic issue, not acute. David Neubauer, an associate professor in the department of psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Medical Center, a person needs to suffer from insomnia symptoms for at least three months straight to be diagnosed with the disorder.
About one-third of all Americans suffer from insomnia. A complete or partial blockage of the throat. Daytime sleepiness, morning headaches, and—as any person who has attempted to sleep beside someone with apnea can attest—excessively loud snoring.
Apnea may cause you to stop breathing multiple times per night. Bob Russo, an IT software project manager, was diagnosed with apnea 10 years ago. But those are signs. About one in five adults suffer from at least a mild form of apnea.
Dec 20, Sleep disorders – Find out more about common sleep disorders like insomnia, sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome and narcolepsy. Getting a good sleep is vital to your health, but many Americans don't get enough . Learn about sleep disorders, treatments, and good sleep habits. Insomnias This type of sleep disorder involves the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep. MORE>>Hypersomnias Hypersomnias are a group of sleep disorders.