Due to almost a century of misinformation about Cannabis, the distinction between Cannabis and its two primary species — hemp and. What's the difference between hemp and marijuana? Are hemp and marijuana the same? Deconstructing the biggest controversy of hemp. Hemp vs Marijuana: So What's Really the Difference? The major (and arguably the only) difference between industrial hemp and medical marijuana is that.
Marijuana Hemp vs
With four states approving recreational marijuana measures this month and many others approving medicinal marijuana which is now legal in the majority of states , marijuana is becoming more mainstream. But so is hemp — just quietly in the background, despite its less controversial applications.
Why aren't marijuana and hemp considered one and the same legislatively if it's the same plant? Because they're cultivated differently. Marijuana is a horticultural crop grown for its THC content, while hemp is an agricultural crop grown for seed and fiber. According to grassroots advocacy organization Vote Hemp , 32 states have industrial legalization laws in place, seven states permit hemp research crops, and five states allow registered farmers to grow hemp under state law despite federal prohibition.
A big victory came after passage of the U. Farm Bill in , enabling cultivation by state departments of agriculture and higher-education institutes. But it's not enough: Vote Hemp puts it like this: You can't drive without a license and you can't grow hemp without a permit.
Marijuana's psychoactive effects put it on the "most dangerous drugs" list in the first place. It's been used for centuries for its medicinal qualities and can reduce epileptic seizures, improve arthritis discomfort, treat glaucoma and relieve pain. You have successfully signed up for your selected newsletter s - please keep an eye on your mailbox, we're movin' in! But what about hemp? Hemp is a highly versatile crop, and innovators continue to jump at the opportunity to create new products from the plant.
Bronner's creates multiple personal hygiene products, PrAna is a men's hemp clothing line, and Nutiva produces hemp-seed oil. The next frontier lies in hemp-based plastics. Chemists and engineers are partnering with manufacturers to create hemp-based biocomposites that are then molded or 3D-printed into everyday items like cups, pens and eyeglasses.
Both marijuana and hemp are booming industries: Medically, marijuana helps millions of Americans get their lives, bodies and minds back, while hemp has limitless potential in the industrial and agricultural arenas.
A study also found that hemp proteins are more digestible for humans than common soy protein isolates SPIs used in food products. Hemp can be consumed in either raw seed or a hemp oil form. Hemp oil is pressed from the seeds for a concentration of protein. Both food product forms of hemp are utilizing hempseed as a nutritional resource. Hemp seeds can also be ground into flour or mixed with water to create hempseed milk.
CBD oil is extracted from hemp leaves, flowers, and branch tips. The CBD oil extracted from hemp can be used to treat a wide variety of ailments, hence the ever-growing popularity of CBD-focused hemp cultivation. Hemp fibers are primarily used for textiles, paper, building materials, and other industrial products. Hurds , or shives, are short woody hemp fibers typically found inside the stalk. Bast fibers make up the outer portion of the stalk and are typically split into three categories — primary, or line fiber, secondary, and the tow.
Many types of processing techniques are utilized to process hemp seeds and stalks. The technique used depends on the purpose of the final product. Hemp seeds can be consumed whole, or refined by being pressed or crushed to produce hempseed oil and hemp flour. Hemp seeds are also hulled, or shelled, to make them more palatable.
The remaining shells, which are rich in fiber, can also be used to make flour. Hemp stalks are processed through decorticating, a multistep method for removing the long fibers from the rest of the plant. The steps taken during the intermediate processing period include: Hemp stalks have tough cellular tissue that makes up their surface and must be dissolved through a process called retting.
There are three modes of retting: The decorticating process typically involves three stages: Modern decorticating techniques employ steam explosion treating the fibers with steam through a pressurized chamber and ultrasonic breaking breaking down fibers using ultrasonic waves to maintain the integrity of the fibers throughout the process.
These techniques are not as harsh on the stalks and allow processors to use the fibers on cotton and wool processing machinery. Hemp stalk is baled for transportation and long-term storage using traditional farming balers.
Hemp should be stored in a dry environment in conditions intended to reduce as much absorbable air moisture as possible. Male hemp plants flower much faster than females and do not produce nearly as much fiber. In stark contrast to marijuana fields, most female hemp fields include sporadically placed males. The male hemp plants release pollen for the female hemp plant to produce seeds that will either be used for future crops or sold as food. In marijuana fields, males are typically eliminated to ensure the maximum production of sensimilla flowers.
While marijuana cultivation requires ample spacing to reduce the risk of mold or bacteria, hemp can be planted more densely. Most marijuana crops are planted at one 1 plant per four 4 square feet. Hemp plants that are grown for hemp oil are planted at roughly 40 to 60 plants per four 4 square feet. Hemp plants grown for fiber are even more densely planted at a rate of about to plants per four 4 square feet. Hemp plants are almost always cultivated outdoors , as opposed to marijuana plants, which are mostly planted in greenhouse or indoor settings.
Because hemp is susceptible to the same predators diseases and insects that attack marijuana, the hemp industry employs a technique called crop rotation , in which alternating crops are planted in the same place, to avoid any buildup of these organisms and allow nutrients to return to the soil.
The specific order of crop rotation and types of crops being rotated with hemp will depend on the location of the farm. Hemp is also used as a rotational crop at farms where it is not the primary agricultural product. The Agricultural Act , more commonly known as the Farm Bill, signed by Democratic President Barack Obama, includes section , which allows for universities and state departments of agriculture to cultivate industrial hemp, as long as it is cultivated for the purpose of research.
Under the Agricultural act, state departments and universities must also be registered with their state, and defer to state laws and regulations for approval to grow hemp. This move allowed for cultivation and distribution of hemp as a legal agricultural product. Under the Hemp Farming Act, hemp cultivation is no longer limited to state departments and universities. In addition, the act allows hemp farmers rights to water, crop insurance, and federal agricultural grants, as well as legal access to national banking.
Hemp may also be transported across state lines. Prior to the Hemp Farming Act of , 41 states had passed industrial hemp-related legislation. The Hemp Farming Act now requires state departments of agriculture to consult with their governors and chief law enforcement officers on a hemp regulatory program, which will then be submitted to the United States Secretary of Agriculture for approval.
According to Section B of the bill, state hemp regulatory programs must include a system to maintain information on all land on which hemp is cultivated, procedures for testing THC levels in hemp, and procedures for disposing of products that violate THC content restrictions.
Hemp has been cultivated on a global scale for thousands of years. The oldest documented evidence of hemp cultivation is a hemp rope, which dates back to 26, BCE, found in the Czech Republic. Some of the earliest known prolific uses of hemp began in China about 10, BCE, where hemp was used to make clothing, rope, and paper. The Yangshao people, who lived in China from roughly BCE, wove hemp and pressed it into their pottery for decorative purposes.
From about to BCE, hemp was also grown in Japan for fiber and paper.
DEBUNKING THE MARIJUANA CBD VERSUS HEMP CBD MISCONCEPTION
First and foremost: Hemp is not marijuana. Marijuana is not hemp. This is one of the most important facts to KNOW AND SHARE because people are unaware. Not quite sure what the difference is between marijuana and hemp? You're not alone. The two are alike in many ways, and lots of people get confused. Hemp, or industrial hemp typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown.