Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is a controversial herbal treatment that uses extracts from cannabis plants. Studies suggest that CBD oil could play a role. While many people use cannabidiol to relieve pain, more scientific research is needed to be sure it is safe. Understanding cannabidiol can help. Pain Management · News CBD oil is legal in 30 states where medicinal and/or recreational marijuana is legal, according to Studies on CBD also have raised concerns about possible interactions with other drugs.
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Register take the tour. CBD oil is usually extracted from industrial hemp. CBD oil is popular for easing pain associated with arthritis. Possible short-term side effects of using CBD oil include fatigue and changes in appetite. What precautions would you advise if someone wants to try CBD oil to treat pain?
This review opens strong, stating: This is a staggering number of people who suffer from anxiety. The authors analyzed prior human and animal studies to consolidate the information and make an overarching determination as to the therapeutic effect of cannabinoids, particularly, CBD. The article looked to a multitude of findings from prior studies such as human anxiety in public speaking and electrical stimulation in animal subjects.
Long story short, this article confirmed that CBD appears to be a promising treatment for panic disorders. This is incredibly encouraging not only for those with panic disorder but also those with varying types of anxiety who currently rely on psychiatric medications.
High blood pressure is a globally ubiquitous issue. This study explores the connection between CBD and a reduction in blood pressure. In a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study, nine healthy male volunteers were given either mg of CBD or a placebo. They were then monitored for changes in their cardiovascular system. Using stress tests, such as math without a calculator, cardiovascular outputs were monitored.
The study found that CBD reduced resting systolic blood pressure and stroke volume. High blood pressure has a multitude of potential treatments , including diet and exercise. This study essentially adds CBD to the list. The data from this research is also important as information for potential side-effects of CBD.
This study combats the notion that CBD causes a THC high by discussing the misinterpretations of prior studies on the subject. The first prior study analyzed the changes in CBD when mixed with a petri-dish simulation of stomach acids. Interpretation of the results yielded the researcher conclusion that CBD does convert to THC when exposed to stomach acids. The conclusion was based on tests done on human volunteers.
The study authors noted that both prior studies were severely misinterpreted. This is due to two main reasons. In vitro results are suggestions, not proofs for processes in real life. This is a truly impactful study for CBD use as it takes direct aim at the common-yet-faulty belief that CBD is a psychoactive compound.
In a test that involved giving volunteers chocolate milk to drink, this study sought the answer to a quirky question: Over the course of three test sessions the healthy volunteers were randomly given either a placebo, CBD, or THC and then got chocolate-wasted on several samples of chocolate milk, rating the sweetness after each. Over the course of this double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 38 participants were given either a placebo or variable dose of CBD.
This is obviously a rollercoaster of a study which found that the ups and downs of the ride did not change based on whether the participant received a placebo or CBD.
Again, this can be good news or bad depending on the point of view: CBD might not affect how one emotionally views the world, which is great because that is one side-effect less to a potential health therapy. It should be noted that this study seems to be at odds with other studies in this list that say CBD is a potential therapy for anxiety. Regardless, de Wit makes the apt point: Schizophrenia is a disorder that generally requires heavy antipsychotic drugs just to manage daily life.
As discussed in the review, CBD may be a possible alternative to such heavy prescription drugs. CBD has both anti-inflammatory and anti-psychotic characteristics. Thus, the aim of the review was to evaluate literature both preclinical and clinical on the effects of CBD in relation to schizophrenia.
The authors looked through 27 articles from the past 26 years. Due to the lack of clinical evidence, the level and effectiveness that CBD might have cannot be clearly stated. The review is nonetheless an excellent starting point for the future use of CBD in neurological treatments.
The goal of this study is to find an alternative to heavy pain medication, which can lead to prescription drug-abuse. Of those who had reported using an opioid medication for pain in the six months prior to the survey, the following responses were gathered after cannabis-use:.
While the survey is not specifically about CBD, this is an important area of research into the non-addictive nature of cannabis and lack of side effects that accompanies its use. Also, not only is it effective on its own but it can also aid the current use of opioids and decrease the need for such medication.
Ultimately, CBD may one day be a viable replacement for pain-management medications. Full disclosure, this is not a published study yet, but the announcement itself is worth including in this list. The study will include adults with HIV as this group, compared with the general public, has higher levels of chronic pain and opioid use.
This is particularly exciting news as it is the first long-term study of this question. DO; Gerich, Mark E. MD; Hoffenberg, Edward J. MD; Collins, Colm B. As noted in this review , while modern medicine does tend to allow people to live relatively normal lives, the medicines used to treat IBD can have limited benefits and lose effectiveness.
Both depression and anxiety disorder have been linked to sleep disruption. CBD oil can alleviate symptoms of these disorders because it activates serotonin receptors in the brain; the release of serotonin has soothing, anti-anxiety effects that can help people sleep. CBD oil also increases levels of adenosine in the brain; adenosine is a neurotransmitter that aids cardiovascular function and eases painful inflammation.
CBD oil may be prescribed for patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome, two rare forms of severe epilepsy; the medication Epidiolex, a CBD oil oral solution, is typically prescribed in these instances. CBD oil can also ease the severity of seizures for people with other forms of epilepsy.
Due to its anti-psychotic effects, non-THC CBD oil can reduce the symptoms of schizophrenia and other disorders with psychotic effects. The liver regulates the way different drugs are metabolized within the body; this process is known as hepatic drug metabolism. Higher-than-average doses of CBD oil can slow the hepatic drug metabolism process.
As a result, users may not be able to process other drugs as quickly. This is particularly concerning for CBD oil users who also take prescription medications. As is the case with many other hemp- and marijuana-based products, CBD oil often leads to a condition known as dry mouth or cottonmouth. This is likely due to cannabinoids altering receptors in the lower jaw that trigger salivation.
In most cases, mild discomfort and stronger-than-average thirst are the only issues associated with dry mouth. CBD oil may incite a small drop in blood pressure immediately after it is consumed; this may also cause the user to feel lightheaded. Diarrhea is a common side effect for people who take relatively large doses of CBD oil, and is linked to the substance interacting with the digestive system.
Lowering oil doses often minimizes this effect. CBD oil may make users feel hungrier than usual, which is a common effect of most cannabinoids. Marijuana-based CBD oils are illegal to use recreationally or for medical reasons. The state senate recently introduced legislation that would legalize CBD oil, but the governor struck down this motion.
Marijuana-based CBD oil is illegal to use recreationally, but is available to medical patients participating in a clinical trial.
Hemp-based CBD is legal. Marijuana-based CBD oil is illegal to use recreationally, but is legal for research purposes when used to treat epilepsy. Marijuana- and hemp-based CBD is exclusively available to medical patients participating in clinical trials. It is available to use recreationally and for medical purposes, provided the product meets FDA approval.
If passed, the Michigan Marijuana Legislation Initiative would legalize recreational and medical marijuana use for all adults over the age of This measure was approved. If passed, Utah Proposition 2, Medical Marijuana Initiative would legalize the use of marijuana for individuals with qualifying medical illnesses. The initiative was approved. Most brands that make CBD oil allow customers to purchase products directly from them. Their websites have online shopping areas where products can be bought and ordered.
Most CBD oils are sold through online retailers. These establishments tend to have the widest product range, and many offer free doorstep delivery.
Online retailers also frequently post product reviews, allowing buyers to compare different oils based on customer experiences to determine which is best for them. These reviews can also be used to evaluate the retailer based on customer service, delivery, and product quality. Hemp-based CBD oils are often sold over the counter at certain brick-and-mortar establishments, including health supplement stores and head shops. Physical stores give buyers the full customer experience, and service staff can often provide helpful recommendations.
In states where marijuana is legal for recreational use, dispensaries are a common sight. They are much rarer in states with more restrictions. In states that permit the use of medical marijuana, hemp-based CBD oils do not normally require a prescription but marijuana-based oils do. Like brick-and-mortar locations, dispensaries offer more customer service. Also, CBD oil prices tend to be significantly higher at dispensaries.
The method by which CBD oil is processed from hemp plants can be very telling. Some manufacturers extract and process the oil using toxic materials like propane or butane; in most cases, these oils are cheaply priced. Where the hemp is grown: Like other crops, hemp plants may become contaminated with metals, minerals, and other materials found in the soil where they are grown.
Consumers should learn more about farms where hemp plants are grown — and ensure the soils used at these establishments are free of harmful contaminants. Once a CBD oil is manufactured, CBD oil companies will often submit their products for third-party tests, which are conducted by non-company personnel to ensure the product is safe for public consumption and meets quality standards.
CBD oils should always be accompanied with information about third-party tests; best practice is to avoid oils that do not supply these details. These fine-print details are often included with CBD oils to back up third-party testing claims. General rule of thumb: What is your CBD oil budget? How much do you weigh? In which state do you currently reside? Do you have a job with drug testing requirements? Do you take prescription medication? Does the CBD oil you're considering list third-party testing and lab result details?
Do you prefer to buy CBD oil in a store or online? What are your flavor preferences? Oil is extracted from cannabis plant, then allowed to cool; this isolates the CBD from other cannabinoids The oil forms crystals and is crushed into a powder. Oil is extracted from the cannabis plant Oil is not cooled, allowing it to retain THC and other cannabinoids. Hemp-based CBD oil is legal to buy, possess and consume for all Marijuana-based CBD oil is legal to buy, possess, and consume for adults 21 and over and approved minors.
Does CBD oil work for chronic pain management?
A study from the European Journal of Pain showed, using an animal .. CBD oil was recommended by my son who has arthritis and, for me. Scientific studies have documented that the application of CBD oil can help assuage the pain caused by inflammations. Results have been. This article reviews recent research on cannabinoid analgesia via the have chronic pain, and 6% (or 12 million) have utilized cannabis in attempts to treat Comparative study of different essential oils of Bupleurum gibraltaricum Lamarck.