Jul 24, Learn the differences between indica vs sativa. How reliable is it to use these designations to generalize the expected effects of each? you may have that the designation is a reliable indicator of THC or CBD levels. strain is more likely to provide an invigorating cerebral high, this isn't an absolute. Nov 16, In other words, that indica isn't sleepy because it has more CBD, and that Indica & Sativa Designation Isn't a Reliable Predictor of Effects. Sativa and indica designations are terrible for predicting effect. strains are stimulating and hybrids fall somewhere in the middle, but this simply isn't the case. Stop the propaganda against the cure or safe and effective medicine for almost.
a Designation Predictor Reliable & Sativa of Effects Indica Isn’t
Dude, I used to be an uptight moralizer like you, bellowing out tired old Nancy Reagan cliches. Thank you for your open-minded, yet thoughtful responses to all on this string. I see the side effects of all of the prescription drugs my mom is on. There is probably more research in general there too, but I know that I decided against sleeping pills after reviewing the research.
Thanks for taking the time to share your thoughts. If it works well for you with little or now side effects it sure beats prescription sleep aids by a large margin. Insomnia and anti-anxiety are two wonderful attributes of this widely ridiculed weed. The people, like me, who are trying to get the word out about the dangers of using marijuana are drowned out by the 50 million people who are using regularly in this country.
BTW, we also have 60 million alcoholics, million prescriptions written yearly for anti-depressants, million written each year for painkillers and 22 million heroin addicts, among other street drug addicts. So, you see, potheads are so terrified of ANYTHING coming between them and their substance of choice that they spend their time ragging out anyone who takes a stand against pot. Meanwhile, our country is drowning in substances, with pot and alcohol being the two major gateways to harder drug use.
I quit 29 years ago and have seen and helped thousands of pot addicts over the years. But, hey, you can be a part of the big, monstrous group that stomp out anyone who recommends sobriety! As a mental health counselor who works with addicts and their families, I would like to share the statistics you cited in this reply but before I do, can you share your source? I have adhd pot is killer for me. I realize that now.
Vyvanse is prescribed by my dr and without it i would spiral out of control. I no longer drink, smoke or do any sort of illegal drugs. I still have coffee because it helps my mood stay level. Be careful about that price tag. Talk about confirmation bias!!! You are correct, esp regarding the lack of insight users have while high. They think they are being witty and charming when the exact opposite is true.
But, you are right…what starts out masquerading as an honest inquiry develops into a defensive and pointless back and forth.. That is the usual pattern. It seems that to many, pot is more than a good time, way to relax, etc….
Marijuana high and alcohol drunk and 2 very different things. Alcohol is a poison, marijuana does not poison people. Marijuana will help the world by offering an alternative to more dangerous substances like crystal meth, cocaine, and heroin.
I have consumed marijuana for years and then quit for dream jobs or relationships for years only to find out life if just better with it. I am not slower because of marijuana, I do not lose my memory. Being high on it can result in being high, no arguments there though. I believe and have seen many people as being uptight and against marijuana, then start using it one day and totally seem happier.
I have adhd and i smoked once and i had to pick up the phone. Pot sent my adhd memory problems into over drive. It was so damned humiliating. You may get the tens of millions of potheads to believe you, but sober people know better. You see, when you think with a clear brain you can critically think in a way that far excels anything a druggie can even imagine. You seem like a really amazing and intelligent person.
All drugs, including cannabis, have positive and negative effects. Up until this year all the research on cannabis has been restricted only, ONLY to study to negative effects, vastly skewing the data. Those studies that say people who use marijuana are more likely to be depressed? Ha, those studies had large samples of people suffering from terminal illnesses like cancer. They were depressed because they were experiencing learned helplessness which is depression at not being able to do anything about the fact they were dying.
But that research showed what we call a correlation not a causation. Understanding the data and looking into the limits of each piece of research is vital to the process of research.
Now…are you a troll? The reason studies show there are negative effects is because marijuana causes negative effects. I smoked from 18 to 31 and it was very bad for me. Anyone who smokes strong enough marijuana knows that it makes you stupid. I own a completely unrelated business and help others in my spare time. My observation is that the older a pot smoker gets, the more they damage themselves and the harder it is for them to stop.
Also, marijuana is almost always the first substance a person does when they go back out on substances after trying to get sober. Anyone who promotes marijuana needs to take responsibility for the fact that younger people are really being damaged by using marijuana and they have been lead to believe marijuana is harmless by people like you.
There is a very tiny group of people and children who can be helped with smoking pot and I take no issue with that. But the other 50 million potheads are ruining their ability to think properly and it does have a bad effect on our society. Um, I never said you made money off this. Read who that was a reply to. That was my conversation with George the guy who claims to have seen over 40, patients in his lifetime which is pretty much mathematically impossible.
But now that your talking to me, please tell me who is more crazy? People smoking cannabis and being honest about it. If one is a Social Worker and counseling people that is simply not possible. If it was possible it would not be ethical to see clients only once and keep only bringing in new clients and sending people off without continued support. Let me know Skyway. And if you cared about the children keeping it illegal is the surest way it gets in their hands.
I worked with teens for twelcmve years. Every teen I worked with used cannabis. I did not promote its use, nor did I use at that time. In fact I probably sounded like George. But the easiest drug to get for teens is marijuana.
What the teens need is a model for responsible adult use. Right now people like you keep it underground and requiring people to encounter drug dealers on a black market.
That is where the teens go too. By not keeping a regulatory barrier we are being irresponsible by maintaining the most open avenue our teens have to marijuana, the black market. What adult use is cannabis.
Not whatever crazy mix of whatever you buy off the street. There is adult use. Very low in relation to alcohol, and especially heroin and cocain. So if you want kids to be put in danger by seeking it out on the black market, you are keeping our teens in danger by forcing them to encounter drug dealers on the streets.
The black market clearing up alone is a huge benefit in and of itself. All the data out of Colorado has shown that teen use has consistently decreased since legalization. The strange part of this is that those of us who treat drug abuse are attempting to put ourselves out of business..
No profits being made there on addictive substances. In real pharmaceutical research the studies are used to figure out before people start using if they are safe. I studied under Dr. Mitch Earleywine at the University of Southern California, one of the leading researchers on drug abuse in the country.
Dan, did you read the article? While the limitations of this type of an article this newsletter article, not his research appear to prohibit or at least not necesitate proper citation, he does mention without citing, an experimental study using a clinical trials methodology — which means pre and post measurements and the use of both an experimental and a control group.
Dan, I do have a background in research, and it still sounds good. That sounds like an accurate way to represent data from a piece of research? Sure, oxygen gets to the brain by blood flow, duh!
I am 49 years old. Those people are doing fine, great actually. A leading researcher in the field of drug abuse. There are positives and negatives with cannabis, just like every drug. More research is needed to figure out if there is a causal relationship or not. You just cannot draw sweeping conclusions like that. I never trust anyone trying to make big bucks on books, videos and other media that contains controversial material.
Money may be of greater importance than being a helpful, compassionate, and generous person. I wish tax records were available for all people peddling this kind of stuff.
How can we trust these studies without seeing the numerical differences between the brain before and after? Are we talking tiny differences? Is there a plurality of large studies from reputable clinics with the same results? As an occasional user I am not in fear because Willy Nelson has smoked dope for at least 35 years and has written and recorded many songs, and performed live concerts with extreme success.
I believe the big pharmaceuticals are losing sales of anti-anxiety drugs, sleep aids, and pain killers because of pot. Are they influencing these studies? Benzodiazepines are many, many times more dangerous.
Withdrawals can result in manic behavior, seizures, depression, and even suicide. I have seen it first hand and it scares me greatly. I agree that heavy smokers often exhibit noticeable memory loss. I am in my seventies and know what I am talking about. Are you Willie Nelson?
If Willie Nelson told you to jump off of an apple tree and into a pool of boiling water, would you do it? Do you think Willie Nelson had to worry about being able to maintain perfect cognitive function in order to complete normal human day to day tasks like the regular working class?
He basically lived his life recording in the studio. How does his career demonstrate successful cognitive function in any sense? Kim Kardashian is a celebrity. No disrespect but the statement you just made was quite unwise of you sir. I mean that constructively.
Read the book and perhaps you will have a bit more respect for him. Early on he saw people ruin their lives with alcohol and cigarettes and chose pot as his only crutch. My comments covered enough territory that I am not sure which part shows my lack of maturity. BTW I compare you to Trump. I admit a rambling paragraph, but it was to say a lot with few words.
Golly, this looks like a public health problem, better send the cops? That makes no sense whatsoever. Deal with health problems as health problems. Send doctors, send researchers, send scientists. Above all, spread real and honest information so people can make properly informed life choices. Dan Bolten has not lived long enough to discover the errors in his thinking …so why waste your time arguing with him? This irrational argumentative attitude and circular thinking is a diistinct characteristic of the pot user!
For the sake of fair argument, and not just name calling as you did with such class, please tell me what my circular logic is. I agree with dan. Believe your crap studies and keep calling us pots heads. Only god can judge and you need to remember that. Too many damn keyboard cowboys in this world believing everything they see on the internet. Maybe you should research how many kids are now autistic because of the chemicals that so many doctors want to inject in them because they get a free round of golf at a resort for selling it.
Or maybe you should look into the Chemicals sprayed all over our food? Did dr amen factor in diets of the people he studied? Or how about the truth of history being taught to kids? Maybe you should worry about the real problems In life instead of telling grown adults what YOU think is best for them. I have smoked for many years and never done Another drug, I have smoked many years and am not an alcoholic, I have smoked many years and deal with so many people like the People on here casting stones and you would never know I did.
So sick of the retarded ass people in this country. Tommy Chong for prez!!! And btw, I have a step son that is autistic from vaccinations given to him at a medical facility on a marine base. As well as I have a son of my own that is epileptic due to a botched delivery at a hospital.
Both tremendously benefit from legs cbd oil. Have you ever watched your 2,3 or 4 year have a seizure? I have, and I have seen the Benefits of CBd oil. Unless you are god telling Me not smoke, then get off your damn soap box. My parents consumed when I was in the womb.
I started using cannabis occasionally when I was 13 and started growing cannabis at the age of I had a nice relationship with this plant growing up, fortunately my mother would allow me to have cannabis and wine and in doing so I never became addicted to the other drugs, which were prevalent when I was in my youth.
I became sober for several years and noticed a drastic increase in my capabilities to accomplish anything I set my mind too. I had neither prior. Now if I consume high THC I have unbelievable bouts of migraines and it cause massive mood swings, blurred vision and loss of memory.
I think their needs to be a study deeper than just saying cannabis causes something when there are so many kinds of cannabis. Although it is a very medicinal plant and has amazing benefits, it is addictive! Take cannabis away from a daily user and they will simply lose it. I think the plant is an alternative to many things that are harming society but at the same time if and when it becomes re scheduled hopefully some real studies can happen to verify these and many other claims.
Chemical residues in food causes lack of blood flow as well. George I would suggest you actually dig in a little before opening up such cans of worms since the variances are drastic.
No need to publish a person study and suggest it merits exact findings. In response to Dan Boltron: Your photo makes you appear to be under the age of Your reasoning though circular seems logical, but academic and not scientific. Today all of them have compromised health! But that is not everybody. I have a baby face. I am over I have people I know who have been using for over 20 years and they are doing great. In addition look at Phil Jackson and Maya Angelou. Two undeniably successful people.
I do not take kindly to scare mongering and twisting of facts by people who have an agenda. I have stated a blanked perspective on here; there are positive and negative effects of cannabis, like every other drug.
That is professionally irresponsible. Of course, the higher of THC, the higher the high, and the higher the damaging effects of the pot. Another thing of note is the amount of CBD oil, also known as Cannibidiol — the medicinal part of pot.
Some marijuana growers have developed a version with just the right amount of each ingredient that can be purchased. And the CBD oil can be purchased in drops sublingual so you only get the health benefits and not the high. So, despite all these studies on the negatives, there have been clinical trials and research on the possitives going on at the same time!!!! I control the dose. I do not use it socially. Medical marijuana allows me to live my life like a normal person.
While I respect Dr. How does cannabis compare with other anti-seizure meds? Say Lamictal or Depakote. I do agree that legalizing it for general consumption is a huge mistake. I should be a vegetable by now. So should many of my colleague. Some how we are successful engineers that have been smoking for many years. So although I would like to criticize, there is nothing to say other than this short article leaves more questions than answers. Until there is specific information given on the study, it has the same credibility as the History Channel and their Ancient Aliens entertainment show.
My son and All his friends believe this. You are free to accept or reject his findings. A wise person does not automatically reject information that may impact their well-being. So are all those posting in agreement that alcohol use is a fine drug and less side effects or that the costs of health ie. I prefer my weed to living on poisonous and highly addictive chemicals.
People need to learn respect for others choices in life and then eff off. The name gives away your biased position.
Nicotine patches or non-combustible delivery methods? Additionally, we need to scan at both high and low doses of nicotine as well as variable THC: CBD ratios as the clinical effects do change accordingly. Dr Amen must not know that baby breast milk contains cannabis. Our physical body has receptors for cannabis! Some of our diseases may be a result of cannabis deficiency!
I am sure if Dr Amen knew about the babies he would send an email to God and ask him to redesign babies! My previous respect for Dr Amen just dropped to minus one million. What if cannabis did not cause euphoria? GMO food, fluoridated water, vaccines, big-pharma drugs, food preservatives, air pollution, water pollution, tobacco, etc. The competition from natural property is what they do not want!
Madison, 5 US 2 Cranch , , Arizona, US p. They will be yours for food. The same lie that says a nonlethal plant should be illegal while over 33, die from opiates each year in the country alone! ZERO people died from the direct consumption of Cannabis. Yes, I agree with you too!
Property rights is the primary thing here but people need also to be educated about things that are really messing up our health. Fluoride is a deadly poison. Fluoride in water seems off-topic on a thread about blood flow to the brain from Cannabis, for a lot of reasons I will not even begin to list.
Noted though and thanks for the suggestion! We as Americans should have great cause for concern however when armed men enter our homes to criminalize our families for life for sitting there peacefully with a plant! We have lost our souls and an unnatural demise will come to these people for their attack against people for nature itself! Started in had a career and have a pension. He had driven over a land mine. He was better off than his friends. A year after being back, they found 4 cancerous tumors in his lower spine and one in his liver and one in his kidney.
Being a Vet, he went to where he was stationed originally and luckily they had a cancer center nearby that was willing to give him cannibus shots. He had 50 to shots in his lower back daily for 6 weeks. He is now been cancer free for 1 year. I am so thankful that the cannibus saved my sons life. I also know that during his back pain, Marijuana with THC was the only thing after many other things tried that was able to take away his pain. On the other side, I work assisting young people ordered by the courts to get sober from smoking Marijuana.
I get the studies that show brain damage. I get the loss of memory from years of abuse. My thoughts are that we need to follow the law where we need too and use the portions of Marijuana that help us in our own situations. Read the research and make an informed decision. We have no right to judge anyone else that has not walked in our shoes. Suzi, I have a cancer that has been shown to respond positively to cannabis.
Is it possible for us to have a private conversation? It would be hard to argue against a medical report that showed eradication of tumors. Would your son consider allowing it to be published? That would be a dramatic story, anecdotal as it was. Maybe if you take too much marijuana it will have a bad effect but if you will take it as prescribed it will be good.
This article is giving us very useful information about the marijuana. Marijuana helps us to solve the many health-related issues like blood flow to the brain. I am extremely very interested to know more about the information regarding marijuana. Please Share more information regarding marijuana. Are the results the same to the prefrontal cortex if you Vape as when you smoke it. Will long term vaping cause permanent brain changes? The National Institutes of Health supported his research for decades.
In , he discovered CBD. A year later, he discovered THC. He published a paper back then that was virtually ignored. Mechoulam mapped out the endocannabinoid system, which is involved in appetite, pain-sensation, mood and memory.
More damage has been done by consuming wheat. Way more damage has been done sociologically by the War on Drugs. Dr Amen does not say anywhere that pot causes Alzheimer, but that while under the influence it causes blood flow changes similar to Alzheimer.
Kind of like saying if you intentionally cross your eyes, they may get stuck that way. Look at the image at the top of this page. It is offensive and misleading and this Amen Clinic is suspect in my opinion. Your email address will not be published. Kimberlyn, a year-old married mother living in Arizona is not your average patient. She is highly detailed, analytical, logical, and…. Reported rates of marijuana use have more than doubled in the past decade.
Medical marijuana is now legal in nearly…. Jeremy was a bright student who worked hard and succeeded academically. He was bored easily, but he loved to learn….
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November 30, at 2: October 28, at 1: April 20, at 3: April 30, at November 30, at 5: November 30, at 6: May 20, at 3: November 5, at 1: November 29, at 8: Often used to describe the heavy, sedating, and relaxing experiences sometimes associated with using cannabis. Anslinger, the then- Commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics and notorious cannabis foe. Some of the most popular films in the stoner comedy genre include: Some other places you might have heard the term over the years include: A brittle, glass-like cannabis extract with a tendency to snap when handled.
Shatter is named for its break-ability, like shattered glass, and is favored for its ease in handling while dabbing. Shatter requires long and delicate purging cycles to properly remove all solvents used in the manufacturing process.
Visually, all Shatters may appear to have the same consistency, but the physical texture of individual products can vary from extremely brittle to a snap-and-pull quality, like taffy. Shatter is a relatively recent development within the full history of cannabis consumption ; its roots can be traced to the age-old practice of hashish production.
In , author D. By the late s, Canadian cannabis manufacturer BudderKing first marketed Budder and Shatter, with its products hitting the shelves of dispensaries in In , the techniques for producing these products were published in Cannabis Culture magazine.
To take a dab, preheat the nail with a small gas-powered torch until it reaches the optimum temperature. Using the flat end of the dabber, drop a small piece of Shatter onto the nail. When the Shatter comes in contact with the hot nail, it will instantly vaporize.
Place a cap over the nail to capture the vapor and inhale through an opening on the opposite end of the rig. When stored improperly, Shatter can begin to break down and lose its initial consistency, flavor or potency. To prevent this degradation, Shatter should always be stored in an airtight and light-proof container. Shatter should ideally be stored in a cool room. It causes the cannabinoids and terpenes to activate. Dispensaries, smoke shops, and many online stores offer concentrate storage accessories to store Shatter, such as silicone containers.
Despite the wide range of textures, colors, and consistencies of extracts, they follow a similar production process. If the initial extraction or subsequent vacuum purge are performed improperly, then the glasslike consistency of the shatter may be compromised, resulting in a final product that has a texture similar to butter or sugar. Other factors may affect Shatter production.
Agitation, high temperatures, residual solvents or leftover moisture from the starting plant material all can cause the oil to end up as Budder, rather than yielding the desired snap or brittleness of Shatter.
For safety and health reasons, producing extracts should be left to professionals, as the safety precautions and equipment require precision and accuracy. The overall process for producing Shatter is the same as other extracts. The most significant difference with producing Shatter is the post-extraction process.
Shatter is typically made following these six steps: Shatter can be made from a variety of starting material, such as cannabis flower nugs to using plant remnants such as trim or shake.
When making Shatter, the desired cannabinoids are separated from the raw flower through an extraction process that uses heat and compression. Next, any unwanted materials are removed with a solvent-induced vacuum purge. Shatter can be made with myriad solvents, but the most common chemicals during the purge are liquefied petroleum gases LPG or ethanol. Carbon dioxide CO 2 is a solvent utilized for other cannabis concentrates, but is a poor choice for this extract, as it removes the moisture from the plant material that typically prevents it from developing its characteristic texture.
Additionally, the lower temperatures and pressures utilized during this purge, between 85 to degrees Fahrenheit about A communal act of smoking cannabis that typically involves two or more persons. Sativa cultivars feature long, thin fan leaves and tend to have long flowering times.
Sativas flourish in warmer climates and can naturally grow up to 12 feet tall in a season. To the consumer, both Sativa and Indica are heavily associated with their perceived effect profiles.
Most cannabis users will hear the term Sativa and think of an energizing, uplifting, and cerebral experience. The industry uses this association as a way to market Sativa and Indica cultivars, and thousands of other cannabis products. The terms Sativa and Indica are far more useful for cultivators than for consumers.
Sativas tend to be taller than Indicas and have long, thin leaves, while Indicas are much shorter and contain broad, short leaves. Sativas also take much longer to mature during the flowering stage, with flowering times of up to days.
Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus ascribed the name C. Lamarck primarily based his C. He also noted that C. This would later be emulated by Loran C. Anderson, who designated Afghani plants as C.
Most countries only recognize one species, Cannabis sativa , and it remains highly debated whether Indica is a subspecies. Meanwhile, the marketplace still recognizes two varieties, Sativa and Indica. Separating Sativa and Indica plants according to growth traits and physical makeup is a useful, efficient practice for cultivators.
Sativa plants grow taller than Indicas and have thinner leaves. Sativa plants have longer flowering cycles, fare better in warm climates with long seasons, and usually grow taller with narrow, light-green leaves. Human intervention has dramatically changed the chemical makeup of cannabis. In the days of Linnaeus and Lamarck, the effects of C. Within the cannabis community, Sativa plants are often characterized as having uplifting effects that produce a head high, while Indicas are thought to be sedative and typically lead to an intense body high.
For example, a landrace cultivar with Indica lineage grown in a new environment could potentially produce a unique chemical profile that would cause uplifting effects. Individuals may have different experiences based on the way their endocannabinoid system interacts with a given profile of cannabinoids.
One user may report feeling sedation and relaxation from a plant of Sativa lineage while another will report an uplifting effect from the same plant. The addition of Hybrid to the cannabis lexicon is a sign that cannabis marketing is catching up to reality. All modern cultivars are technically hybrids. Research has not yet caught up to the wealth of cannabis varieties in circulation today.
Terpene and cannabinoid profiles are becoming more prominent in product marketing as the average cannabis consumer becomes more educated about the complex nature of the cannabis plant — and more sophisticated in their purchasing choices as a result.
31 Ways to Grow Smarter and Maximize Yield
More Reliable Products Technology also benefits (medical) marijuana consumers, . This isn't any kind of priority during a government shutdown — or during the threat of Different brands are available, offering a wide range of indica-, sativa- and . But if strain names mean nothing, how does one predict the effects of a. Dec 26, What you may consider an “indica,” may be 10% (or more) sativa, and If a strain is musty or reminds you of straw or lawn grass, chances are the strain isn't fresh. Third, the aroma of a strain can be good predictors of the effects. CBD is like your designated driver, metaphorically speaking, of course!. And while sugar leaves are rich in trichomes, their concentration still isn't as high as that That's because strain names are not reliable in predicting effects, flavors, .. who designated Afghani plants as C. indica and Indian plants as C. sativa.