Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana, is cannabis and cannabinoids that are prescribed by physicians for their patients. The use of cannabis as medicine has . The term medical marijuana refers to using the whole, unprocessed marijuana plant or its basic extracts to treat symptoms of illness and other conditions. See the types of medical marijuana and find out what conditions it can treat in this WebMD slideshow.
THC can increase appetite and reduce nausea. THC may also decrease pain, inflammation swelling and redness , and muscle control problems. It may be useful in reducing pain and inflammation, controlling epileptic seizures, and possibly even treating mental illness and addictions. For instance, recent animal studies have shown that marijuana extracts may help kill certain cancer cells and reduce the size of others.
Evidence from one cell culture study with rodents suggests that purified extracts from whole-plant marijuana can slow the growth of cancer cells from one of the most serious types of brain tumors. Research in mice showed that treatment with purified extracts of THC and CBD, when used with radiation, increased the cancer-killing effects of the radiation.
Some women report using marijuana to treat severe nausea they have during pregnancy. But there's no research that shows that this practice is safe, and doctors generally don't recommend it. Pregnant women shouldn't use medical marijuana without first checking with their health care provider. Animal studies have shown that moderate amounts of THC given to pregnant or nursing women could have long-lasting effects on the child, including abnormal patterns of social interactions 11 and learning issues.
They treat nausea caused by chemotherapy and increase appetite in patients with extreme weight loss caused by AIDS. Continued research might lead to more medications. National Institute on Drug Abuse website. Explores the latest research on marijuana, including the scope of marijuana use in the U.
Skip to main content. What is medical marijuana? Using Medical Marijuana During and After Pregnancy Some women report using marijuana to treat severe nausea they have during pregnancy.
Points to Remember The term medical marijuana refers to treating symptoms of illness and other conditions with the whole, unprocessed marijuana plant or its basic extracts.
The FDA has not recognized or approved the marijuana plant as medicine. However, scientific study of the chemicals in marijuana called cannabinoids has led to two FDA-approved medications in pill form, dronabinol and nabilone, used to treat nausea and boost appetite.
Currently, the two main cannabinoids from the marijuana plant that are of interest for medical treatment are THC and cannabidiol CBD. Scientists are conducting preclinical and clinical trials with marijuana and its extracts to treat symptoms of illness and other conditions. This publication is available for your use and may be reproduced in its entirety without permission from the NIDA.
Citation of the source is appreciated, using the following language: Department of Health and Human Services. Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products. Cannabinoids affect areas throughout the body, but they mostly affect the central nervous system brain and spinal cord. The main chemical in marijuana that causes intoxication is tetrahydrocannabinol THC. Another cannabinoid of medical interest is cannabidiol CBD , which does not cause intoxication.
Effects of marijuana can include reduction in pain, nausea, vomiting, and muscle spasms as well as increased appetite. Common side effects include dizziness, dry mouth, nausea, disorientation, euphoria, confusion, and sedation. Marijuana, like all drugs, has potential risks.
It causes an increase in heart rate, which may increase the chance of heart attack in people who are already at risk. Regular smoking of marijuana is associated with breathing problems such as cough and increased risk of lung infections. It can also be addicting and can interfere with work, school, and relationships.
Under federal law, marijuana has no currently accepted medical use and has a high potential for abuse. For these reasons, doctors cannot prescribe marijuana.
In a state that allows the use of marijuana to treat medical conditions, however, a doctor may be able to certify its use. Your state may require you to apply for a state-issued identification card to use medical marijuana.
Marijuana can be used in different ways. It can be smoked, mixed into foods, and brewed as tea. Dosing of marijuana is not straightforward and depends on the patient, the preparation, and the way the drug is used. Talk to your doctor if you have questions about using medical marijuana. National Conference of State Legislatures www.
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More than half of U.S. states and the District of Columbia have legalized medical marijuana in some form, and more are considering bills to do the same. A bill legalizing medical cannabis in Poland came into effect in November , but since then, the therapeutic plant has been unavailable within the country. Within the shifting legal landscape of medical cannabis, different methods of cannabis administration have important public health implications. A survey using.