Types of information resources. Information flow. Following a discovery or event, information flows through different publications over time. This differs between. information resources definition: Information resources are defined as the data and information used by an organization. (noun) Examples of information. Definition of Information Resource: An element of infrastructure that enables the transaction of certain selected significant and relevant data, prepared so as to.
Moreover networks have their inherent problems which sometimes affect the decision of individual and organizations. Public library exits to satisfy users. In this context, users' satisfaction refers to how users judge the services of public libraries.
Indeed, it refers to whether users of public libraries get the desired information resources, facilities and services expected to be provided by the public libraries. Hence, in recent times, evaluating users' satisfaction with the information resources, facilities and services of public libraries has become a major concern and an integral part of library and information science practitioners Ogunsola, This is because the ultimate aim of all libraries as a service oriented organization is to satisfy the needs of its clients.
Thus, users' satisfaction with the information resources, facilities and services provided by libraries whether public or academic has become the melting pot of the present day librarianship and information science Saliu, While the services include community information services, recreational activities, reference services, storytelling, reading competition, career information, customer care, adult literacy education, mobile library services, and services to prisoners, online internet search, among others IFLA, While these information resources, facilities and services are important in the public library services, the extent to which they satisfy users' information needs is fundamentally more important.
This is because the ultimate goal of public libraries is to bring about higher users' satisfaction. Thus, it becomes pertinent to determine the extent to which users are satisfied with the information resources, facilities and services of public libraries. Public libraries generally serve a wide range of users, which include adult males and females, young adults, children, the visually impaired and other groups of people in the communities where they are located.
Due to this fact, public libraries have vital roles to play in information dissemination at the grassroots to meet the information needs of each of these groups. The importance of public library in our society today is being underscored by a number of convergent trends which include, increase in school enrolment at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels.
Thus, public libraries must be proactive, vibrant and abreast of the latest developments in information dissemination to maintain relevance and keep up with the multifarious needs and expectations of library users.
It is therefore important that the public library should be able to provide the right materials to meet the information needs of users. In a recent study, Anunobi observed that librarians are yet to make impact on students. The study revealed that the presence of school librarians who teach students on the use of library in secondary schools have not made much impact as shown by students' inability to use catalogues and indexes as library access points in their first year at universities.
Awana maintained that the friendly disposition of staff, the willingness of library staff to assist users to get needed materials from within or through inter-library loan will encourage users to patronize the library and above all increase users' satisfaction with library services.
Researchers are of the opinion that attitude of some library staff that bothered on hostility, rudeness and lazy approach to requests or enquiries have often put off some potential library users. Unomah in a survey of students utilization of academic libraries in Nigeria found that most often than not, some of the junior staff attitude towards users are discouraging in their services to the students.
The negative attitude of some librarians towards information technology in library operations is not encouraging. Ifidon and Okoli noted that the nature of library staff is a factor that inhibits effective library services. They further stressed that most of the staff went through the traditional form of training in which some of them just refused to adjust to the new situation, but want the status quo to remain.
Thorhauge is of the view that friendliness and helpfulness of library staff is one of the sixth criteria they proposed for the evaluation of academic libraries. However, several studies in Nigeria Ogunrombi, ; Oyegade, Nassarawa and Mokogwu, ; Iyiade and Oladipupo, and Onohwakpor, have noted that the Nigerian public library scene is yearning for improvement as their services suffer one form of neglect or the other due to lack of fund, inadequate infrastructure and unqualified manpower.
This study, therefore, is on public library information resources, facilities and services: According to the theory, before shopping, customers have some pre-purchase standard s in their minds that guide their purchasing activities. After purchasing a product service , customers evaluate the performance of the product service against pre-purchase standards. When performance is greater than expectations pre-purchase standard , satisfaction occurs.
When performance is less than expectations pre-purchase standard dissatisfaction occurs. Thus, the extent to which a customer experiences satisfaction or dissatisfaction is related to the size and direction of product performance. In this study, information is investigated as a consumable product and library users are customers who are having a purchasing experience.
Accordingly, information searching and retrieval activities are viewed as purchasing experiences of library users. As with many consumables, information as a product is defined by two components: Thus, when information resources obtained from a public library is lower than information need expectation, the users will be dissatisfied and vice visa. The library information resources are better utilized when relevant facilities such as reading tables, chairs, book shelves, ICTs among others are available.
The availability of facilities enhances the ability of public libraries to render necessary services to users. Some of the most current and original research every year is produced by postgraduate researchers at UK and international universities. Guidelines for referencing theses. If used responsibly, social media can support your university studies and your future employability. Talk to someone in your school or a specialist support service. Connect with the University of Nottingham through social media and our blogs.
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Home Studying at university Types of teaching Being organised Reading and interpreting sources and data. Types of information resources. Types of information resources Information flow Following a discovery or event, information flows through different publications over time. This differs between subjects but in general: Primary literature is where new research or theories are first revealed, and includes journals and conferences Secondary literature provides a more digested overview of a subject e.
Dictionaries It is good to have a dictionary nearby when you are reading a document, particularly if it is in a subject or topic that is new to you. Use them to find definitions of terms, subjects or topics Use them to determine the subject context of a new topic to help with further searching Subject-specific dictionaries provide definitions of specialist terms Foreign language dictionaries translate foreign terms into English or vice versa.
Use encyclopaedias to find: Some online encyclopaedias you can explore are: Citable reviews in the life sciences Encyclopedia of materials Many more in various subject areas. Collections of statistics in which you can find numerical data for your subject Scientific data compilations containing e. Some are exact copies of the print version Some provide additional features, e. Some can be downloaded onto hand-held devices for more comfortable reading while others require an Internet connection They can be viewed by several readers at once while a printed book is only available to one person at a time.
Due to copyright, you may print only a part of an e-book not the whole book. Each year is generally represented by a volume number Each volume contains individual issues which reflect how often the journal is published, eg, weekly, monthly, quarterly Each issue of a journal includes a number of short articles. Individual journals vary but typically their contents include: Reports of original research Reviews of current subjects of interest News and comment on topical issues or professional concerns Lists of forthcoming events or conferences Job adverts.
However, research papers are not useful for: Easy access Mostly up-to-date but check Include various types of media e. Variable quality and lack of control - anyone can publish a website Can quickly become out-of-date Content can be biased Websites can disappear Information overload.
Important features of newspapers include: Disadvantages of newspapers include: Current issues in a particular field or area are often debated at conferences and the discussions included in the proceedings Papers can be presented at a conference long before, if ever, they are published in a journal As a result, conference proceedings are an ideal way of finding the most up-to-date and current research and ideas.
Reports are useful for providing: Up to date information - they are usually published to a specific deadline or as a reaction to an event Current views and opinions Recommendations about future practice Technical information, statistics or data that you would not find in books or journal articles.
Disadvantages of reports include: They can quickly become out of date as they reflect the current situation at a given time Not all reports are published so they can be difficult to locate. The following websites are examples of reports published in response to events: Report of the Committee on Climate Change.
Guidance on recommended procedures Prescriptive design details Testing methods. Standards enable the efficient design, manufacture and supply of safe products and services to the consumer by: Promoting best practice Encouraging international co-operation Ensuring compatibility of parts thus enabling global trade Providing reliable data to inform the design process Setting quality and safety requirements Enabling conformance comparisons fit-for-purpose Helping with technology transfer to developing countries.
Manuscripts are used as primary source material because they give an authentic glimpse into the past They require you to piece together evidence, and make your own interpretation of how or why things happened as they did They form a body of material that can be used for original research, for assignments, dissertations and post-graduate study Early books can also be used as primary sources, as they give contemporary insights into the culture, people and events of the day.
Patents are important because: They are the first reports of commercially-sensitive research They document research not reported in journals They contain detailed descriptions and, if relevant, designs or other illustrations They can show trends in development and applications of new technology. The patenting process In order to obtain a patent the invention must fulfil the following: Some types of invention are excluded from patenting: Research undertaken at universities around the world Details of research completed by others in your school or department.
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Multidisciplinary information resources for study and research. Australian government information. Guide to Australian government information. An information resource may refer to: Resource (computer science), any component of limited availability in a computer system; Web resource, a data source. The information resources are made accessible through the Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC), indexes and, in some libraries the manual card catalogue.