If you are wondering if you can take CBD oil while you are pregnant, schedule a meeting with your doctor. Although there is limited research on the effects of. Wondering if you can consume CBD products while pregnant? Not sure of what is safe and what isn't? We might have a few answers you're. More moms are turning to therapeutic products made with CBD, or cannabidiol, and some swear it helped offer relief while they were expecting.
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When a woman becomes pregnant, everything she comes into contact with can potentially affect her fetus. While there are several beneficial products that women can take, such as prenatal vitamins, other substances negatively impact the fetus.
These can include certain types of foods, prescription medications, over-the-counter drugs, and illegal substances. CBD , also known as Cannabidiol, is a compound found within the cannabis plant. Although there is not significant research outlining the beneficial or negative effects of CBD, many people around the world use it for therapeutic purposes.
If you are wondering if you can take CBD oil while you are pregnant, schedule a meeting with your doctor. Although there is limited research on the effects of CBD on a fetus, your provider will be able to determine whether or not you should use CBD hemp oil while you are pregnant.
Many women report that they use CBD oil during pregnancy in order to reduce pregnancy-related nausea. There is a lack of conclusive data to determine the effects of CBD hemp oil on a fetus.
However, it is known that a growing fetus is equipped with an endocannabinoid system, even when the fetus is only composed of two cells. This system is in all humans and even some animals. Marijuana and Infertility Human studies on male subjects have shown disruptions in the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis with decreased lutenizing hormone, decreased testosterone, oligospermia and decreased sperm motility, thus possibly affecting male infertility.
Pregnancy-Related Complications The endocannabinoid system is present in the uterine decidua, thus suggesting possible involvement in pregnancy complications such as miscarriage, pre-eclampsia, growth restriction and preterm labor.
Fetal Growth and Birth Outcomes Available data to this point do not reveal marijuana-associated fetal teratogenicity. Fetal Growth A study using elective mid-gestation aborted fetuses 17 to 22 weeks who were exposed to marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol demonstrated decreased weight and decreased foot length that was associated with marijuana exposure after controlling for other drug exposures. Birth Outcomes Results have differed between the three longitudinal cohorts described above with the OPPS reporting reduced gestational age but no differences in birth weight, 47 the MPHCD reporting reduced birth length after 1 st trimester exposure and unexpectedly, increased birth weight after 3 rd trimester exposure, 48 and Generation R reporting reduced birth weight.
Maternal Marijuana Use and Lactation There is a paucity of data regarding the effects of maternal marijuana use on breastfeeding and infant outcomes.
Neonatal Withdrawal and Neurobehavior Withdrawal Neonatal withdrawal from marijuana exposure has not been reported in any of the prospective, longitudinal studies. Neurobehavior Evidence of altered state regulation, manifested as increased startles and tremors, was identified in the OPPS sample during the first week of life 58 using the Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale NBAS 59 with similar results found again at 9 and 30 days 60 using the Prechtl 61 neurologic examination.
Prenatal Marijuana Exposure and Outcomes from Late Infancy to Young Adulthood This section focuses on the areas of development where prenatal marijuana exposure appears to have a significant impact: Table 3 Finding in areas of development in prenatal marijuana exposure. Minimal, inconsistent effect on general cognition 66 — Altered sleep patterns No effect on language 66 — 68 , Minimal effect on motor development 55 , 66 , 70 , 74 , Minimal effects on growth and pubertal development 47 , 76 — Academic Achievement Using tests, studies from the OPPS at ages 6 to 9 years 92 and 13 to 16 years 93 showed no effect of prenatal marijuana exposure on standardized academic achievement test scores.
Behavior Problems Parental reports for subjects in the OPPS showed increased conduct disorders in children from 6 to 9 years old. SUMMARY Evidence about the effects of marijuana use during pregnancy- and fetal-related complications and child development is inconclusive. Pro-marijuana advocacy may result in an increase in the prevalence of marijuana use during pregnancy, particularly among young adolescents who already report the highest use among all pregnant women.
Adverse fetal outcomes related to marijuana use during pregnancy remain unclear based on the currently available research. However, prenatal use has been associated with infertility, placental complications of pregnancy, and fetal growth restriction. Long-term effects of prenatal marijuana use on exposed offspring include poorer executive functioning skills and attention, increased conduct and behavior problems, and poorer school achievement. Intersecting political forces and medical issues mandate that physicians be knowledgeable marijuana use by their patients and be prepared to counsel their patients about the effects of prenatal marijuana use on fertility, pregnancy, and the exposed offspring.
Footnotes The authors have no conflicts of interest or affiliations with companies that have direct financial interests in the subject matter of this article. Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use: Characteristics of pregnant illicit drug users and associations between cannabis use and perinatal outcome in a population-based study.
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