Mississippi is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Mississippi is the 32nd most extensive and 34th most populous of the 50 United. The history of the state of Mississippi extends to thousands of years of. Lake Itasca - Hudson Bay - Drainage system - Lake Pepin.
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Northeast Mississippi developed as an area of small family farms and few plantations. What historians call the Piney Woods, covering most of the state south of Jackson, the people call South Mississippi. Though settled early, this region did not prosper until the great virgin pine forests were exploited—and heavily reduced—in the early 20th century.
The area has continued to flourish, with most residents engaged in diverse agricultural activities, including forestry, cattle raising, and specialty farming, or in the rapidly expanding industrial and commercial sector. The Coast is atypical of the state as a whole. Frequent movement by sharecroppers and tenant farmers from one farmstead to another was commonplace until the early 20th century.
Around the s the economic focus began to shift to the cities and towns, and, as it shifted, patterns of migration—and emigration—also changed; many Mississippians moved to less-rural regions in other states, and for a time emigration outweighed natural population growth.
About three-fourths of the white emigrants moved to other Southern states, whereas the same proportion of African American emigrants left the South entirely. By the midth century, however, the surge of emigration had subsided, and the population again had begun to increase.
Growth continued throughout the subsequent decades; it was accompanied by a slow but steady loss of farm population, a decline of smaller towns, and a significant expansion of cities settlements of more than 10, inhabitants. Despite this rural-to-urban flow, there remained in the early 21st century no great extremes of population density within Mississippi.
Although there has been significant improvement in employment and compensation in Mississippi since the midth century, growth at the regional and national levels has been proportionately greater; consequently, in the early 21st century the state remained disadvantaged economically, with a per capita gross product that was among the lowest in the country.
The services sector has expanded particularly rapidly since the late 20th century. Lands in Mississippi that are unsuited to the cultivation of row crops are largely used for tree farms, orchards, or pastures.
The state maintains an intensive reforestation program to replace the trees that are harvested each year as part of its forestry industry.
Petroleum and natural gas account for the great bulk in volume and in value of all minerals produced in Mississippi. Iron has been mined intermittently since the late 19th century. Aluminum ores are low in quality, and they have been little exploited. Hydroelectric power in smaller amounts is brought into Mississippi from Tennessee Valley Authority dams and through interconnections with power companies in other states. A few private companies, numerous rural cooperatives, and several municipal generating systems are in operation.
Manufacturing continued to expand until the end of the 20th century, when, following national trends, it began to decline. Pascagoula is the site of a major shipbuilding company. Mirroring the trend in many other states, the service sector in Mississippi has been on an upward swing since the late 20th century. A particularly notable development in the sector has been the expansion of casinos.
In the Mississippi legislature legalized dockside casino gambling along the Gulf Coast and the Mississippi River. Casinos have since opened at various locations along the coast and in Natchez, Vicksburg, and Tunica county, which is one of the largest gaming markets in the United States.
The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians also operates a casino on tribal lands near the town of Philadelphia. The government is a major employer in Mississippi.
Among the most prominent of the federal institutions is the John C. Labour union membership in Mississippi is relatively small, although widely dispersed. Most large employers have a union membership. The state has a right-to-work law that prohibits compulsory union membership, however. Local governments derive their greatest income from property taxes. Considerable amounts of federal monies are provided through numerous federal and state agencies. Rail transportation, a large segment of which is entirely intrastate, has generally declined since the late 20th century.
The heaviest volume of traffic is along the Gulf Coast, where numerous north—south and east—west routes converge. Gulfport and Pascagoula can accommodate oceangoing ships, and low-draft oceangoing vessels can travel up the Mississippi River to Natchez , Vicksburg , and Greenville. Barge traffic moves on the Mississippi, Pearl , and Yazoo rivers. Mississippi has scores of public and private airports.
Most large cities offer commercial service. There are international airports in the Jackson and Gulfport-Biloxi areas. Most heads of executive departments are elected rather than appointed, and the executive branch includes the governor, the lieutenant governor, and several other officials, all of whom are elected to four-year terms.
Executive officials may be reelected or reappointed to office. Mississippi has a bicameral legislature, consisting of a member House of Representatives and a member Senate. The legislature meets in annual sessions. Representatives and senators are both elected to four-year terms. The municipal courts handle cases involving misdemeanour crimes, traffic tickets, and violations of city ordinances.
Justice courts have original jurisdiction in certain cases where fines, sentences, and judgments do not exceed prescribed limits; they also deal with traffic violations that occur outside the municipalities. Some large counties maintain a county court.
There are special courts to handle youth offenses and drug crimes. Chancery courts have jurisdiction over matters of equity , probate, juvenile delinquency where county courts do not exist , divorce, and mental competence. Circuit courts are the main trial courts for major suits, criminal cases, and appeals from justice and county courts. The Supreme Court is the highest court of appeals; its nine justices are elected, from three judicial districts, for staggered terms of eight years.
All lower court judges are elected to four-year terms. Municipalities may be incorporated as villages, towns, or cities. Governments of these units are of the mayor-council type with aldermen, the commission type with several commissioners including the mayor , or the city-manager type, in which the manager is appointed by the council.
State and county officials are elected in a November general election. On this day in , Union General William T. This often-overlooked Mississippi campaign was the first attempt by the Union at total On May 8, , south of present-day Memphis, Tennessee, Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto reaches the Mississippi River, one of the first European explorers to ever do so.
After building flatboats, de Soto and his ragged troops crossed the great river under the cover of Grant planned a two-pronged attack on the last Confederate Union General Ulysses S. Grant advances toward the Mississippi capital of Jackson during his bold and daring drive to take Vicksburg, the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River. Florida, which joined the union as the 27th state in , is nicknamed the Sunshine State and known for its balmy climate and natural beauty.
Settled by the English in , South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U. Sherman was marching an army east across Missouri enters the Union as the 24th state—and the first located entirely west of the Mississippi River. Named for one of the Native American groups that once lived in the territory, Missouri became a U.
List of people from Mississippi
23% Increase in online transactions completed with the State of Mississippi year- to-year. $1 Mil+ Saved by Mississippi through electronic service deployments. Stay updated on what's happening in Mississippi: Email Discover America's Music Roots in Mississippi. Discover America's Music Roots in Mississippi. Information on Mississippi — economy, government, culture, state map and flag, major cities, points of interest, famous residents, state motto, symbols.