Proscar finasteride is an inhibitor of steroid Type II 5a-reductase, that works by decreasing the amount of a natural body hormone dihydrotestosterone DHT that causes growth of the prostate , and is used to treat symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH in men with an enlarged prostate. Proscar is available in generic form. Common side effects of Proscar include. In some men, Proscar can decrease the amount of semen released during sex.
Proscar may also increase hair growth. The sexual side effects of Proscar may continue after you stop taking it. Talk to your doctor if you have concerns about these side effects. The recommended dose of Proscar is one tablet 5 mg taken once a day.
Other drugs may interact with Proscar. Tell your doctor all prescription and over-the-counter medications and supplements you use. Proscar is not recommended for use in women and must not be used during pregnancy. This medication is not usually used in women. Therefore, it is unlikely to be used during pregnancy or breast-feeding. Our Proscar finasteride Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: Call your doctor at once if you notice any breast lumps, pain, nipple discharge, or other breast changes. These may be signs of male breast cancer. The sexual side effects of finasteride decreased libido, trouble having an erection, ejaculation problems may continue after you stop taking this medication.
Read the entire detailed patient monograph for Proscar Finasteride. The most frequently reported adverse reactions were related to sexual function. In years of the study, there was no significant difference between treatment groups in the incidences of impotence , decreased libido and ejaculation disorder.
The individual adverse effects which occurred more frequently in the combination group compared to either drug alone were: Of these, the incidence of abnormal ejaculation in patients receiving combination therapy was comparable to the sum of the incidences of this adverse experience reported for the two monotherapies.
Combination therapy with finasteride and doxazosin was associated with no new clinical adverse experience. Three of these patients were on finasteride only and one was on combination therapy. The MTOPS Study was not specifically designed to make statistical comparisons between groups for reported adverse experiences. In addition, direct comparisons of safety data between the MTOPS study and previous studies of the single agents may not be appropriate based upon differences in patient population, dosage or dose regimen, and other procedural and study design elements.
The final tolerated dose 4 mg or 8 mg was administered at end-Week 4. Only those patients tolerating at least 4 mg were kept on doxazosin. The majority of patients received the 8-mg dose over the duration of the study. Patients were evaluated annually with PSA and digital rectal exams.
Biopsies were performed for elevated PSA, an abnormal digital rectal exam , or the end of study. The incidence of Gleason score prostate cancer was higher in men treated with finasteride 1. During the 4- to 6-year placebo- and comparator-controlled MTOPS study that enrolled men, there were 4 cases of breast cancer in men treated with finasteride but no cases in men not treated with finasteride.
During the 4-year, placebo-controlled PLESS study that enrolled men, there were 2 cases of breast cancer in placebo-treated men but no cases in men treated with finasteride. During the 7- year placebo-controlled Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial PCPT that enrolled 18, men, there was 1 case of breast cancer in men treated with finasteride, and 1 case of breast cancer in men treated with placebo. The relationship between long-term use of finasteride and male breast neoplasia is currently unknown.
New reports of drug-related sexual adverse experiences decreased with duration of therapy. Because these events are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure:. The following additional adverse event related to sexual dysfunction that continued after discontinuation of treatment has been reported in postmarketing experience with finasteride at lower doses used to treat male pattern baldness.
Because the event is reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate its frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure:. Last reviewed on RxList: Proscar Side Effects Center. Find Lowest Prices on. Prostate Cancer Slideshow Pictures. Take the Enlarged Prostate Quiz! Less serious side effects may include: Breast Cancer During the 4- to 6-year placebo- and comparator-controlled MTOPS study that enrolled men, there were 4 cases of breast cancer in men treated with finasteride but no cases in men not treated with finasteride.
Because these events are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure: Normalization or improvement of poor seminal quality has been reported after discontinuation of finasteride. Because the event is reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate its frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure: Related Resources for Proscar.
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Common Side Effects of Proscar (Finasteride) Drug Center - RxList
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